CAN THE CORRUPTION BE ERADICATED FROM OUR SOCIETY?
In the present spectrum, an honest man, is like a drop in the ocean) which loses its identity, as soon as it mingles in the salt water of ocean. Corruption has become a common practice, a way of life.
It is a matter of shame, that even after 65 years of independence, the virus of corruption has crept into all walks of life and it can endanger the body politic of our nation.
Political, bureaucratic, corporate and individual corruption in India is major concerns. A 2005 study conducted by Transparency International in India found that more than 55% of Indians had first-hand experience of paying bribes or influence peddling to get jobs done in public offices successfully.
On Transparency International’s latest corruption perception index declared in November 2011, India scored 3.1 on a scale from zero to 10, where anything below five is bad news. “It’s not a good score at all for India,” Rukshana Nanayakkara, acting director of Transparency International’s Asia Pacific Division, said in an interview. Last year, India scored 3.3 India now ranks 95th (In the last survey India stood at 84th rank) in the list – way lower than China, Asia’s other major fast-growing economy, which scored 3.6 points and ranked 75th.
The Transparency International India (TII), in a recent survey, has found that 74% Indians believe that the level of corruption has gone up in the last three years and 55% felt that the Union Government was ineffective to curb the menace.
During the survey of 7500 people, the anti-corruption organization also found out that majority of the respondents believed that politicians and police the two most corrupt institutions in the country, and they have to be bribed to speed up paper work, avoid problems with authorities or simply access basic services.
“More than one in three public service seekers paid bribes. Among the nine services that were covered in the survey, 64% Indians said they bribed police “one reason or the other, 63% paid bribes to land service officials, and 62% paid bribe for registry and permit services. More than 48% perceived political parties; 34.2% said Parliament and the legislature bodies and 40.4% perceived police to be most corrupt,” Transparency International India said in its report, Daily Lives and Corruption: Public Opinion in South Asia.
Corruption today is regarded as a low risk and highly profitable way of earning quick bucks, and whoever is caught, knows how to break free. Our country which is known for moral and ethical values, where spirit of truth if adored, fair means were advocated to attain anything, is now also counted among the top most corrupt nations of the world. From Panch to Prime Minister, from peon to the Chief Secretary’s office all have been found involved and charged for many acts of commissions and omissions.
Causes of Corruption
A peculiar face of corruption in our country goes upstream not downstream and so most of the fundamental policies and decisions about big purchases, contracts, projects etc are distorted at the top level.
The delay in disposing of the cases of corruption is one of the important causes of flourishing of corruption. Corrupt officials even if caught can manage to go scot-free, in due course of time by manipulations or otherwise.
Possessing of vast discretionary powers by the political leaders, and bureaucrats is also one of the important reasons of being corrupt Discretionary powers in appointments and nominations to various bodies, allotment of petrol pumps, etc, resulted into favouring the kith and kin and other corrupt practices.
Huge election expenses necessarily incurred by the vested interests, whether by the private companies or by the private people to be later regained several fold, with the aid and assistance of such political leaders is a fundamental reason of politicians being corrupt. Politics has become such lucrative business, that once you occupy the chair by hook or by crook, you become rich forever with many perks and facilities throughout the life.
One more reason that can be advanced for corruption is the present inflationary trend, which makes it difficult to maintain an employee’s family. He finds corruption as an attractive proposition.
The taxation system takes away 30% of income of an individual, which renders the person in such a hapless state that he can’t live happily, if he does not fulfill his needs by other means.
The foremost reason for flourishing of corruption is the virtual change in thinking of the people, a total disregard to the moral and ethical values, making the self aggrandizement the sole reason of all activities. Attaining the things, by any means, whether wrong or right, has encouraged generations to adopt the ways of corruption.
Eradication of Corruption
The basic question is “Can the corruption be eradicated”? “Nothing is impossible”, it can be said by an enthusiastic social leader but, eradication of corruption is a next to impossible thing in the present spectrum of affairs. .
When whole of the body’ politic is affected by the virus of corruption, then to eradicate it in toto, is a Herculean task. Corruption is a multifaceted, hydra headed colossus problem, which is required to be dealt with through a multi pronged approach.
The recent phenomenon, the movement against corruption under the leadership of Anna Hazare is a step in the right direction. Anna Hazare is a soldier, lone survivor from his unit in the 1965, Indo-Pak War. Anna dedicated his life to the well being of the society. He is especially recognized for his contribution to the development of Ralegan Siddhi, a village in Parner taluka of Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra and for his efforts for establishing it as a model village. He is a bachelor, with no possessions, no bank balance who lives in a temple. He has fasted on several occasions earlier also when he had succeeded in bringing the corrupt to book.
Jan Lokpal Bill and Corruption
The Jan Lokpal Bill is a draft anti-corruption bill which will have the power to prosecute politicians and bureaucrats without government permission. The Jan Lokpal Bill is designed to create an effective anti-corruption and grievance redressal system and to assure that an effective deterrent is created against corruption and to provide effective protection to whistle blowers. The salient features of Jan Lokpal Bill are
- An institution called Lokpal at the Centre and Lokayukta in each State will be set up.
- Like Supreme Court and Election Commission, they will be completely independent of the governments. No minister or bureaucrat will be able to influence their investigations.
- Cases against corrupt people will not go on for years. In any case, the investigation has to be completed within a year.
- The loss that a corrupt person caused to the government would be recovered at the time of conviction.
- If any work of any citizen is not done in prescribed time in any government office, Lokpal will impose financial penalty on guilty officers, which will be given as compensation to the complainant.
- What happens if the Government appoints corrupt people as Lokpal members?
That won’t be possible because its members will be selected by judges, citizens and authorities through a completely transparent process.
- What if some Lokpal members become corrupt?
That won’t be possible because the entire functioning of the Lokpal will be transparent.
It is very strange that this Bill has been pending for over 42 years? The creation of the Lokpal will be a historic event and when the Bill goes through, it will definitely fight corruption and maladministration. But, let us be positive and hope that the government must pass this bill now so that the unbridled corruption can be controlled at the earliest and after some time it would surely be wiped out from our society and the day will come when we shall breathe in corruption free society.
The people and the society can play very important role in fighting the monster of corruption. The general awakening can make the politicians and bureaucrats to use their discretion fairly. The common men must cast their j votes, not on the basis of caste or creed or party, but on the basis of values and I character of the candidates. In a democracy the actual power lies with the voters. The politicians use their caste affiliations, religion, to woo the innocent voters in their favour. The common people must use their votes wisely in favour j of the honest and dedicated candidates.To eradicate corruption from the society all have to fight it. It is the most powerful, most dangerous monstrous evil, which doubles-and trebles itself with the passage of time.
This post was most recently updated on February 21st, 2018
Corruption is a habit and hence everyone who is in the position are susceptible to it.
There are people who are ready to compete for those jobs with greater chances of corruption.
And those who don’t have the chance, expect to minimize the corruption and keep complaining about it.
But prevention and eradication of corruption is an absolute requirement for better public life. This corruption takes an interesting turn in such a way that everyone becomes corrupt in some other sort if situation permits. The below mentioned tips are written from perspective of corruption in developing countries.
Yet corruption is prevalent in all the countries in some or other ways.
This is because of the thieves of state who are not interested in how to stop corruption.
Tips on how to stop corruption and prevent it
1. Give better salary in govt jobs: Many employees in government positions receive low salary like clerks, office staff etc. Hence they expect to make money by bribery. For this they try to delay the work for so long that the client is fed up and opts for bribery for progress in the work. So low salary is one of the reasons for corruption. To curb this their salaries should be raised periodically.
2. Increase the number of workers: In many offices of the government sector, the work load has gone up drastically but the recruitment of vacancies has declined This gives an option for delaying the work by officials and expect monetary or other benefits for faster completion.
3. Law to dismiss from service if found to be involved in corruption. This seems a better option. For instance if you see cases where anti-corruption bureau rides an officers home and finds disproportionate assets, the officer is suspended from employment and taken for judicial trials. But after couple of years you will find them in employment at same or even better positions. So this creates no fear among the officials against corruption.
4. Keep transactions online and provide bill for every purchase: Many of them do not pay taxes and escape This involves corruption. Making payments online through bank accounts and provision of bills for every transaction involving money. This is a better corruption watch.
In other words, public should opt for cashless transactions where possible. This will limits the corruption related to money.
5. Camera in most govt offices: In every ATM there are camera to keep a watch on the public taking their money. Then why not government offices have cameras to have a watch on the employ performance. Even there are many employ’s who openly take bribe in presence of common men. This public bribery is due to confidence that public wants their work more than the amount they are paying to them as bribes.
6. Speed up the work process in govt institutes: Most corporate offices are in full fledged running by 8-9 am. But the government offices start by 10 to 11 am and wind up by 3.30 to 4 pm with a lunch break of one & half hour in between. This indicates how much of commitment lies in the work and how fast the work goes on. If there are mistakes in the work or delay in the work, civilians have to run behind those workers to rectify or complete the work. In doing so they pay bribes to get the work done. This makes the chances of corruption more or else work is not done. So there should be accountability of daily work done in government works and targets to complete the work on time basis. Or else instead of being public servants, they tend to act as public bosses.
7. MakeMedia responsible and fix laws to be so: There are many major scams and corruption events involving media. Though the media is well aware of the corruption happening they stay silent due to their support for some political parties or else their owners get some monetary benefits from the rulers. Even there are many reporters who are aware of some scam or corruption, they stay silent without revealing it to the press for having received monetary benefits to do so. If media personnel are found to be guilty for not having exposed the scam or corruption intentionally, they have to be prosecuted and their licenses be withdrawn.
8. Verify the selection procedures: Many people compete for government jobs and in the process there are corruption happening in the selection of candidates for the posts. So let the selection criteria and procedure used be transparent and any misconduct from this should be punishable.
Also while allotment of natural resources for business companies, the selection of bids should be transparent. There should be online details with regards to the benefit to the government, the purchase price and even benefit to the company out of the deals. This will limit the corruption related to quid pro quo.
9. Keep inflation low: This is another factor for keeping corruption high and also persistent. Due to rise in prices, any amount of income seems to be insufficient. This inflation is a corruption involving politicians and businessmen. Businessmen try to rise the prices to sell their inventory or stock of goods at higher price. For this the politicians support them and are paid monetary or other benefits. This is a cheap business tactic but even the so called richest business magnets play this corruption game.
10. Speed up the judgment and increase the courts: Many cases of corruption take years to be given verdict. This delay in cases creates lack of fear for being corrupt and also huge time span for court trials gives sufficient time to make alterations in the witness. Establishing fast track courts and giving severe punishment for corruption practice will keep a control on corruption.
Besides these there should be collective efforts from the public to prevent corruption.
If there is corruption for so long, it indicates even the people voting for their leaders do not consider this and vote based on fantasy or factors like religion etc.
Even though option like electronic financial transactions, enhanced vigilance are put into practice, still corruption can occur if the public are not united to eradicate it. So the mindset of public plays a major role here.
Note: If you have any other methods which you think will work to stop corruption, kindly share them below.:-).