Cms Format Bibliography Generator Asa

Guidelines and Examples for Citing Electronic Resources

The publishing industry has continuously shifted and evolved in recent years, largely due to the emergence and integration of the internet and a diverse range of electronic resources. This has created new challenges for citation styles, and basic guidelines have now emerged in order to enable writers to document these new source types in their written work. The ASA style has based its guidelines for citing e-resources on The Chicago Manual of Style; find more information here.

Across all sociological disciplines, writers and researchers draw from a huge variety of online source types to support their own ideas; from websites and e-zines, to blogs, electronic mailing lists, machine-readable data files (MRDF), CD-ROM, DVD, and social media channels. There are a few points to bear in mind when citing e-resources:

  • Include all of the basic elements of source information in the citation so that the reader can access the material with ease

  • Sources that are unlikely to change (e.g. those in PDF or TIFF form, those accessed through JSTOR, exact replicas of the print version) should be cited in print-form

  • Ensure that the source you are using will be accessible to your reader (e.g., look out for subscription based databases, access time limits and legal restrictions)

  • Whenever possible include the author’s name, document title, date of publication (or retrieval date), and an address (e.g., URL or DOI)

How do I Use a URL to Cite a Source?

The URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is crucial for locating an online document. However, websites can be regularly modified, updated, redesigned, or even removed, so it is crucial that you follow these steps when including a URL in your ASA citations.

  • Be sure to carefully check the spelling of a URL so that the source is accurately identified

  • Avoid citing a source with a URL that no longer exists

  • Do not type the URL address; copy and paste it directly from your browser into your work

  • Print and save the data obtained from a URL in case the URL is modified and the information is lost

  • If the URL has expired and you still need to cite the source, cite it as an unpublished paper in an archived collection

Keep reading for a detailed list of examples that show you how best to cite electronic sources.

E-Books.

  • If an e-book was consulted online, omit page numbers and include the URL and date of access

  • If an e-book is available in more than one format, other formats may be listed as well - end the citation with: (Also available at: [insert URL])

Young, T. R. 1989. Crime and Social Justice: Theory and Policy for the 21st Century. Red Feather Institute. Retrieved June 22, 2010 (http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/Red_FEATHER/crime/001contents.html).

Printed edition of a book accessed through an online library.

Daniels, John. 2010. Apathetic College Students in America. Middletown, IL: University of Middletown Press. Retrieved April 6, 2011 (http://site.ebrary.com/lib/collegestudies/docDetail.action?docID=1010101010).

Online periodicals available in print & online form.

Scott, Lionel D., Jr., and Laura E. House. 2005. “Relationship of Distress and Perceived Control to Coping with Perceived Racial Discrimination among Black Youth.” Journal of Black Psychology 31(3):254-72.

Journal articles (e-journals) with Digital Object Identifier (DOI).

  • A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to a publication or other unit of intellectual property. As a digital identifier it provides a means of looking up the current location of the source on the internet

  • When a DOI is included, it should be cut and pasted directly from the article

Persell, Caroline Hodges, Kathryn M. Pfeiffer, and Ali Syed. 2008. “How Sociological Leaders Teach: Some Key Principles.” Teaching Sociology 36(2):108-24. doi:10.1177/0092055X0803600202.

Websites.

  • As a general rule, if the website contains data or evidence essential to a point being addressed in the manuscript, it should be formally cited with the URL and date of access

Document retrieved from an institution with a known location.

Text: (ASA 2006)

Citation: American Sociological Association. 2006. “Status Committees.” Washington, DC: American Sociological Association. Retrieved July 11, 2010 (http://www.asanet.org/about/committes.cfm).

Document retrieved from a corporate website (unknown location).

Text: (IBM 2009)

Citation: IBM. 2009. “2009 Annual Report.” Retrieved July 25, 2014 (http://www.ibm.com/annualreport/2009/2009_ibm_annual.pdf).

Social Media Sources.

  • When referring to a particular social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter) posting within the text, it should be accompanied by a footnote in the main body of text rather than included in the reference list

  • The footnote must include the page’s title, date accessed, and the URL

Text: The American Sociological Association mentioned the meeting directly on its Facebook page.1

Footnote: 1. American Sociological Association’s Facebook page, accessed June 6, 2014, http://www.facebook.com/AmericanSociologicalAssociation/posts/10154176262000165.

Examples of how to cite a web log entry (also known as “blogs”), e-mail message, items in online databases, machine-readable data files and audiovisual materials (e.g., CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, podcast, PowerPoint presentation and sound recordings etc.) can be found in Section 5: Guidelines for Using Electronic Resources in the 5th edition of the ASA Style Guide.

Chicago Style Citation Generator Designed to Make Your Papers Accurate

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What citation generator Chicago actually is?

Chicago style citation generator is a tool that helps professional writers, researchers, and students generate and manage their in-text citations easy and fast. It can help you with styles you need to cite or reference your work. It is designed to easily and quickly aid you in creating citations in Chicago style.

Are you a researcher who wants to cite a paper using the Chicago Manual of Style? Then you’re in the right place! Our Chicago Manual Of Style citation generator helps researchers, including professionals and students to properly cite their work. It also gives direction and information on how to format and cite resource materials as well as follows the 16th edition of the Manual issued on September 2010. That’s the latest manual of this kind to be published.

There are two primary systems of documentation in the Manual of Style generator: the notes-bibliography system which includes formatting endnotes and footnotes or even both and the author-date system in which a source is indicated with a brief parenthetical citation and a reference list with corresponding text citations. This list includes full information on the publication. Our online generator also includes samples of correspondence, quick citation guides, and proofreader’s marks. Besides, the writer has an opportunity to choose between the two styles. The choice of an individual lies upon how disciplined he or she is and the resources to be cited.

As a student, you may not be certain in the exact format to use. In such a situation you need to consult with your tutor or professor on the style to use given that every institution and tutor or professor has his or her preferred format. The notes-bibliography system is basically used in such areas as humanities, history, literature, and arts.

Brief information about Chicago referencing style

Could you be asking yourself how a footnote is formatted? A superscript is inserted at the end of the statement containing the source used. They are numbered numerically starting with the first number of the first source and moving down the paper in an orderly manner. The superscript is a sign to the reader that ideas from a given source have been used.

However, for the reader to know the exact source used he or she has to move to the bibliography. The numbers are written after the punctuation marks. The footnote outlines the author and the title, and the publication details are separated by commas. In this citation, the following are abbreviated:

  • Reviewed – rev.
  • Volume – vol.
  • Chapter – chap.
  • Translated – trans.
  • Edition – ed.
  • No date – n.d
  • Part – p.t
  • And others – et.al.

Our free Chicago citation generator provides solutions to your Chicago citation problems at no cost and as fast as possible. It is the easiest to use when you need to solve Chicago citation problems.

What do you require to cite different sources in this Chicago citation generator? The requirements for any Chicago style of citation are:

  • author
  • title (article/book/journal/newspaper)
  • year of publication
  • month and date of publication
  • publisher
  • city in which the source was published
  • date
  • page numbers
  • DOI or URL

Mind that Chicago style citation is used by writers to lend credibility to the work statements. In so doing, they acknowledge the works of others, their ideas, and opinions.

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Looking for a top-notch Chicago style reference generator? Stop wasting your time as you have already found the one for you. Our Chicago manual style citation generator can help you solve troublesome citation problems you are facing at the moment.

This citation generator Chicago helps to create in-text citations by using footnotes and endnotes and thus to acknowledge the various sources used by the writer. It also supports two documentation systems – author-dated and notes-bibliography. Your choice relies upon the subject matter under discussion and the nature of the sources to be cited.

Besides, this generator gives its suggestions on editorial styles and publishing practices. That’s why it is a must-use tool for any writer as it can quickly generate Chicago citations accurately and at no cost.

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Are you experiencing difficulty in coming up with your references in Chicago referencing style? Chicago reference generator helps you reference your work by generating references, bibliographies, title pages, and in-text citation accurately and fast. This is a fully automated reference generator.

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